Aviation - INTRODUCTION
EARLY HISTORY
THE 19TH CENTURY
KITTY HAWK AND AFTER
HISTORIC HEADLINES
WORLD WAR I AND AFTER
WORLD WAR II
AFTER WORLD WAR II
RECENT DEVELOPMENTS
Airplane
HOW AN AIRPLANE FLIES
SUPERSONIC FLIGHT
AIRPLANE STRUCTURE
Wings
Tail Assembly
Landing Gear
Control Components
Instruments
PROPULSION
TYPES OF AIRPLANES
Land Planes
Carrier-Based Aircraft
Seaplanes
Amphibians
Vertical Takeoff and Landing Airplanes
Short Takeoff and Landing Airplanes
Space Shuttle
CLASSES OF AIRPLANES
Commercial Airplanes
Military Airplanes
General-Aviation Aircraft
HISTORY
The First Airplane Flight
Early Military and Public Interest
Planes of World War I
Development of Commercial Aviation
Aircraft Developments of World War II
The Jumbo Jet Era

WORLD WAR II




WORLD WAR 2 AIRCRAFTS (1939-1945) | World War II Military Aircraft Fly in Formation

World War II Biplane Air power played a significant role in World War II (1939-1945). The vintage Fairey Swordfish, shown here, contributed to Allied naval victories in 1940 and 1941. This bomber, although not as advanced as some of the other bombers in use at the time, crippled an Italian fleet at Taranto and damaged the German battleship Bismarck.

Most of the major countries of the world developed commercial air transportation in varying degrees, with the U.S. gradually gaining ascendancy. On the foundations of the U.S. air-transport industry were built the military-transport commands that played a decisive role in winning World War II. (WORLD WAR 2 AIRCRAFTS (1939-1945), World War II Military Aircraft Fly in Formation)
World War II Air

Air power played a significant role in World War II (19391945). The vintage Fairey Swordfish, shown here, contributed to Allied naval victories in 1940 and 1941. This bomber, although not as advanced as some of the other bombers in use at the time, crippled an Italian fleet at Taranto and damaged the German battleship Bismarck.

Largest of all international airlines in operation when World War II began was Pan American Airways, which, with its subsidiaries and affiliated companies, served 47 countries and colonies on 82,000 route miles, linking all continents and spanning most oceans. (WORLD WAR 2 AIRCRAFTS (1939-1945), World War II Military Aircraft Fly in Formation)

The demands of World War II greatly accelerated the further development of aircraft. Important advances were achieved in the development of planes for bombing and combat and for the transportation of parachute troops and of tanks and other heavy equipment. Aircraft became a decisive factor in warfare. (WORLD WAR 2 AIRCRAFTS (1939-1945), World War II Military Aircraft Fly in Formation)
World War II Military Aircraft Fly in Formation

Throughout World War II, aircraft became increasingly crucial factors in military strategy and battles. The need to produce high-performance military airplanes as rapidly as possible during the war served as the impetus for many advances in airplane design and production techniques. Here, World War II military aircraft fly in formation.

Military Aircraft Throughout World War II, aircraft became increasingly crucial factors in military strategy and battles. The need to produce high-performance military airplanes as rapidly as possible during the war served as the impetus for many advances in airplane design and production techniques. Here, World War II military aircraft fly in formation. (WORLD WAR 2 AIRCRAFTS (1939-1945), World War II Military Aircraft Fly in Formation)

Small aircraft production expanded rapidly. Under the Civilian Pilot Training program of the Civil Aeronautics Administration, private operators expanded their facilities and gave training to thousands of students, who subsequently became the backbone of the army, navy, and marine-air arms. Types of aircraft designed for personal use found extensive military use throughout the world. Large contracts for light planes were awarded by the U.S. Army and Navy in 1941. (WORLD WAR 2 AIRCRAFTS (1939-1945), World War II Military Aircraft Fly in Formation)

During 1941 American military aircraft were in action on all fronts. The number of persons employed in the aviation industry totaled 450,000, compared to about 193,000 employed before World War II. About 3,375,000 passengers, about 1 million more than in 1940, were carried by 18 U.S. airlines. Mail and express loads increased by about 30 percent. (WORLD WAR 2 AIRCRAFTS (1939-1945), World War II Military Aircraft Fly in Formation)

Toward the end of the war, airplane production attained an all-time high, air warfare increased in intensity and extent, and domestic airlines established new passenger- and cargo-carrying records. In the U.S., the number of planes produced in 1944 totaled 97,694, with an average weight of approximately 4770 kg (about 10,500 lb). An outstanding development in the same year was the appearance in air combat of German jet-engined and rocket-propelled fighter planes. (WORLD WAR 2 AIRCRAFTS (1939-1945), World War II Military Aircraft Fly in Formation)



WORLD WAR 2 AIRCRAFTS (1939-1945) | World War II Military Aircraft Fly in Formation