FOXES - INTRODUCTION


Fox (animal), smallest member of the dog family, which also includes wolves, coyotes, jackals, and dogs. Foxes are characterized by short legs, an elongated narrow muzzle, erect triangular ears, thick fur, and a long bushy tail. Foxes are found throughout the Americas, Eurasia, and Africa, inhabiting mostly forest, chaparral, and desert regions. Most of the ten species of the genus to which the red fox belongs can adapt to diverse climates and habitats.


Arctic Fox picture: Because an animal loses heat from its body surface, many mammals of hot deserts are slender, with enlarged ears or long limbs that provide additional area through which excess body heat can dissipate. Think of desert-dwelling hares or gazelles. Conversely, mammals that dwell in frigid climes must conserve heat, and so they often have stout bodies with stubby appendages. Think of arctic hares or musk-oxen. The arctic fox, Alopex lagopus, has the short muzzle and small ears one would expect in a creature that ranges around the North Pole, where it hunts on the tundra for the even more compact lemmings, and scavenges on the sea ice at the kills of polar bears.



Most foxes feed on mice, voles, rabbits, birdsí eggs, fruit, large insects, and carrion. Because their prey is small, foxes are solitary rather than pack hunters. They generally work territories of less than 8 sq km (less than 3 sq mi), which they defend from other foxes. They are swift, agile runners; the red fox can reach a speed of 48 km/h (30 mph).


Swift Fox picture: Because of the general shortage of aboveground housing, many small mammals of grasslands, steppes, and deserts take shelter below. The swift fox of the prairies of North America and the kit fox of more arid country-both now regarded as belonging to a single species, Vulpes velox-inhabit subterranean burrows, which they dig themselves or appropriate from other animals. The combined range of the foxes is shared with the coyote, which does not hesitate to make a meal of its little cousins when it can. The swift fox and kit fox also fall victim to poisons and traps intended for the coyote, and lose ground to farmers. Despite all this, most populations of these charming little foxes remain secure.

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FOXES:


INTRODUCTION
THE RED FOX
OTHER FOXES
Fennec, African fox
Fox Hunting
Red Fox



WOLVES:


INTRODUCTION
Coyote
Gray Wolf
Red Wolf



DOGS FAMILY:


INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
REPRODUCTION
TYPES OF CANIDS
SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
HUMANS AND THE DOG FAMILY



DOGS:


INTRODUCTION
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
REPRODUCTION, BIRTH, AND THE YOUNG
DOG BREEDS
DOG BEHAVIOR
CARING FOR A DOG
TRAINING YOUR DOG
DOG SHOWS


Herding Dogs
Hounds
Nonsporting Dogs
Sporting Dogs
Terriers
Toy Breeds
Working Dogs



DOGS RACINGS:


INTRODUCTION
MODERN RACING
HISTORY



DOGS SHOWS AND TRIALS:


INTRODUCTION
DOG SHOWS
OBEDIENCE TRIALS
FIELD TRIALS



DOGSLEDDING:


INTRODUCTION
DOGSLEDDING FUNDAMENTALS
EQUIPMENT
TRAINING AND CARING FOR THE DOGS
DOGSLED RACING
GOVERNING BODIES
HISTORY

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