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INTRODUCTION

TYPES OF BICYCLES
Touring Bicycles
Mountain Bikes
Hybrid or Cross Bikes
Utility Bicycles
Racing Bicycles
Specialty Bicycles

COMPONENTS OF THE BICYCLE
Frame
Wheels and Tires
Saddle
Brakes
Handlebars
Pedals
Drive Train
Gears
Suspension System

SAFETY EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORIES
Helmets
Reflectors and Lights
Rearview Mirrors
Padded Shorts and Gloves
Racks and Panniers
Child Seats and Trailers

HISTORY OF THE MODERN BICYCLE
Early Attempts
The Safety Bicycle
The Decline of Cycling
The Bicycle Boom



BIKING:


INTRODUCTION
BICYCLE RACING
RACING EQUIPMENT
RACING ADMINISTRATION
RECREATIONAL CYCLING




Tour de France


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Suspension System


In most bicycles, the only suspension systems for minimizing the impact of uneven roads on the rider and the bicycle is a combination of the air in the inflated tires and the flexure of the cyclist’s knees. Some utility bicycles and older bicycles also have springs under the saddle.

The advent of mountain bicycling (and, to a lesser extent, BMX riding) as a serious sport led to the invention and improvement of hydraulic shock absorbers on the front fork. These shock absorbers minimize the severe beating on the comparatively delicate threads and bearings in the bicycle’s headset during cross-country rock-hopping and stump-jumping. Suspension mechanisms have also been developed for the rear triangle of these bicycles to provide for increased shock absorption and better control while riding on rough terrain.

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