Truck Automobiles

Information on New Automobile
Road Construction TYPES OF ROADS Highways Urban Streets Rural Roads ROADWAY ENGINEERING Roadbed Base Course Wearing Course Bituminous Pavement Concrete Pavement ROAD PLANNING AND ADMINISTRATION HISTORY OF ROAD CONSTRUCTION
Public Transportation TYPES OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION Buses Paratransit Streetcars Light-Rail Transit Heavy-Rail Transit Commuter Rail Transit Automated Guided Transit Ferries DEVELOPMENT OF PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN THE UNITED STATES HISTORY
POWER SYSTEM Engine Engine Types Fuel Supply Exhaust System Cooling and Heating System DRIVETRAIN Transmission Front- and Rear-Wheel Drive Suspension System Wheels and Tires Steering Brakes ELECTRICAL SYSTEM Ignition System SAFETY FEATURES CARS HISTORY Automobiles Through the Years Internal-Combustion Engine Early Electric Cars AUTOMOBILES IN THE 20TH CENTURY

New Cars Technology
Automobile Industry Trends ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE Domestic Impact Foreign Trade HOW CARS ARE BUILT Research, Design, and Development Manufacturing and Assembly Sales and Service Customer Feedback HISTORY OF THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY Early Automobile Concepts Henry Ford and Mass Production Other Automakers The Great Depression of the 1930s Labor Unions and Strikes Wartime Production Postwar Production Automobile Safety Foreign Imports and the Energy Crisis The 1980s and 1990s FUTURE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY TRENDS Computerization Alternative Fuel Research Materials and Safety
Railroads Air Ships Ballooning Motorcycles Bicycles Submarines


 Various steam-powered carriages and vehicles were built in Europe from 1769 through the late 1800s. However, one of the first gasoline-powered vehicles for hauling cargo was built in 1897 by Gottlieb Daimler in Germany. The earliest trucks were essentially self-powered wagons, most of which had an open driver compartment in the front. In 1898 the Winton Company of Cleveland, Ohio, became one of the first manufacturers of trucks in the United States. In 1903 the first truck show in the United States was held in New York City. In 1911 the first transcontinental coast-to-coast trip by a truck was completed in 66 days.

 In the early 1900s trucks were used primarily for local deliveries and limited intercity commerce. Roads were poor, and railroads controlled the long-distance shipping of freight. As roads improved and more highways were built, however, the role of trucking in commerce grew in importance. The Federal-Aid Road Act of 1916 promoted the building of paved roads between cities to facilitate travel and commerce. By the end of World War I (1914-1918), more than 600,000 trucks were in use in the United States. Trucks proved to be an invaluable method for moving both soldiers and supplies during the war, and were also used extensively as ambulances for transporting wounded soldiers.

 In 1935 the Congress of the United States passed the Motor Carrier Act to expand the role of the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC), a federal agency that regulated commerce between the states. The ICC was originally created to regulate commercial rail and water transportation. Its new authority allowed the ICC to establish regulations for trucking companies involved in interstate business.

 As the nationís highway system expanded, so did the use of trucking to move goods and produce. The construction of the interstate highway system in the late 1950s and 1960s made long-haul trucking not only practical but also highly competitive with rail freight. In 1980 the trucking industry was deregulated, allowing the establishment of many small independent trucking companies. Deregulation stimulated competition in the trucking industry and generally lowered the cost of shipping freight by truck. ©2017.