Computer education

PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
Machine Language
Assembly Language
High-Level Languages
FLOW-MATIC
FORTRAN
BASIC

HOW COMPUTERS WORK
Operating System
Computer Memory
Bus
Input Devices
Central Processing Unit
Output Devices

HOW A CPU WORKS
INTRODUCTION
Function
Branching Instructions
Clock Pulses
Fixed-Point and Floating-Point Numbers

HISTORY
Early Computers
Transistor
The Integrated Circuit

FORTRAN


From 1954 to 1958 American computer scientist John Backus of International Business Machines, Inc. (IBM) developed Fortran, an acronym for Formula Translation. It became a standard programming language because it could process mathematical formulas. Fortran and its variations are still in use today, especially in physics.

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