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INTRODUCTION

TYPE 1 DIABETES
TYPE 2 DIABETES
COMPLICATIONS
DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT
CURRENT RESEARCH


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COMPLICATIONS

Type 2 Diabetes Complication | Complication of Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Control And Complication Trial




People with diabetes mellitus are at risk of developing the vision disorder known as diabetic retinopathy. This condition occurs as a result of damage to the small blood vessels in the retina—the light-sensitive lining at the back of the eye. Symptoms may include blurred central or side vision, or a blind spot in the central vision. Prompt medical treatment can prevent this condition from worsening (Complication of Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Complication, Diabetes Control And Complication Trial).

If left untreated, diabetes mellitus may cause life-threatening complications. Type 1 diabetes can result in diabetic coma (a state of unconsciousness caused by extremely high levels of glucose in the blood) or death. In both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, complications may include blindness, kidney failure, and heart disease. Diabetes can cause tiny blood vessels to become blocked; when this occurs in blood vessels of the eye, it can result in retinopathy (the breakdown of the lining at the back of the eye), causing blindness. Diabetes mellitus is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in people aged 20 to 74. When diabetes affects the kidney it is called nephropathy (the inability of the kidney to properly filter body toxins). About 40 percent of new cases of end-stage renal disease (kidney failure) are caused by diabetes mellitus (Complication of Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Complication, Diabetes Control And Complication Trial). Blockages of large blood vessels in diabetics can lead to many cardiovascular problems, including high blood pressure, heart attack, and stroke. Although these conditions also occur in nondiabetic individuals, people with diabetes are two to four times more likely to develop cardiovascular disorders (Complication of Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Complication, Diabetes Control And Complication Trial).

Diabetes mellitus may also cause loss of feeling, particularly in the lower legs. This numbness may prevent a person from feeling the pain or irritation of a break in the skin or of foot infection until after complications have developed, possibly necessitating amputation of the foot or leg. Burning pain, sensitivity to touch, and coldness of the foot, conditions collectively known as neuropathy, can also occur. Other complications include higher-risk pregnancies in diabetic women and a greater occurrence of dental disease (Complication of Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 Diabetes Complication, Diabetes Control And Complication Trial).

Type 2 Diabetes Complication | Complication of Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Control And Complication Trial



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Type 2 Diabetes Complication | Complication of Diabetes Mellitus | Diabetes Control And Complication Trial


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