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INTRODUCTION

ANGINA PECTORIS
HEART ATTACK
RISK FACTORS
DIAGNOSIS
TREATMENT
HISTORY OF FIGHTING CORONARY HEART DISEASE


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HEART ATTACK

Attack Cause Heart | Heart Attack Symptoms | Myocardial Infarction

A heart attack, also known as a myocardial infarction, usually occurs when a blood clot forms inside a coronary artery at the site of an atherosclerotic plaque. The blood clot severely limits or completely cuts off blood flow to part of the heart. In a small percentage of cases, blood flow is cut off when the muscles in the artery wall contract suddenly, constricting the artery. This constriction, called vasospasm, can occur in an artery that is only slightly narrowed by atherosclerosis or even in a healthy artery. Regardless of the cause of a heart attack, the oxygen deprivation is so severe and prolonged that heart muscle cells begin to die for lack of oxygen. About 1.1 million people in the United States have a heart attack every year; the heart attacks prove fatal for about 40 percent of these people. (Attack Cause Heart, Heart Attack Symptoms, Myocardial Infarction)

A person having a heart attack typically feels an intense, crushing pain in the chest, especially on the left side. The pain may radiate to the personís neck, jaw, and left arm. The pain is often similar to an attack of angina, but more intense and longer lasting. Other signs of a heart attack include profuse sweating, nausea, and vomiting. However, heart attack symptoms can vary greatly among people. In one study, about one-quarter of people who had a heart attack felt only mild symptoms and did not seek medical attention, and about 12 percent experienced no symptoms at all. (Attack Cause Heart, Heart Attack Symptoms, Myocardial Infarction)

Some people have gradually worsening bouts of angina before having a heart attack. For others, a heart attack may be the first signal of heart trouble. No matter what a personís medical history, anyone who experiences symptoms of a heart attack should go to a hospital without delay. Oxygen deprivation can cause permanent damage to the heart within hours or even minutes, so the faster a heart attack patient receives treatment, the better the chance of survival. (Attack Cause Heart, Heart Attack Symptoms, Myocardial Infarction)

Attack Cause Heart | Heart Attack Symptoms | Myocardial Infarction



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Attack Cause Heart | Heart Attack Symptoms | Myocardial Infarction


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