Health&Medicine Home





INTRODUCTION

HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS
Physicians
Medical Education
Other Health Professionals

HEALTH CARE FACILITIES

HEALTH CARE AROUND THE WORLD

MEDICAL RESEARCH
Clinical Trials
Research Funding
Research Costs

HISTORY OF MEDICINE
Egyptian
Mesopotamian
Palestinian
Indian
Chinese
Greek
Greco-Roman
Arabic
European

THE DAWN OF MODERN MEDICINE
18th-Century Medicine
19th-Century Medicine

20TH-CENTURY MEDICINE
Infectious Diseases
Nutrition
Surgery
Radiology
Mental Illness
Genetics and Biotechnology
Endocrinology
Pregnancy and Childbirth
Heart Disease
Cancer
Telemedicine

Medical Ethics
Preventive Medicine
Nontraditional Medical Practices
Cost of Medical Care


Health&Medicine Home

MEDICAL RESEARCH


Research is one of the most important fields of medicine. It provides health care professionals with new knowledge and technology for better diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.



A centrifuge is used to separate the components of blood for further analysis. Biomedical research is one of the most important areas of modern medicine. In 1998, the National Institutes of Health planned center to spend about $13 billion on biomedical research.

Medical research often combines medicine with related fields of biology, and is called biomedical research center. Research can be basic or applied. Basic, or fundamental, research has no immediate practical application. Basic cancer research, for instance, may try to identify gene mutations that turn a healthy cell malignant. While this information does not have immediate clinical value, it generates knowledge that often leads to better care for patients. Applied research has a specific practical goal, such as development of a better drug for breast cancer. The early stages of biomedical research usually occur in a laboratory. As scientists gain more knowledge in a particular area, they begin studies on humans. These studies often take place in hospitals or clinics centers and are called clinical research center.

Clinical research center usually is performed by multidisciplinary teams, rather than by individual scientists working alone. These groups of men and women have knowledge and skills in different areas, or disciplines, of science. A multidisciplinary biomedical research team may include biochemists, geneticists, physiologists, and physicians. Each team member approaches the problem from a different side and shares knowledge with the group. This multidisciplinary approach increases the chances of solving a problem or developing a new treatment.

Next

auuuu.com