Travel (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia): The nationalized rail systems of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia form a network of coast-hugging lines that extend short distances into the interior. The loose network generally consists of low-traffic lines, with many originally constructed for mining and extraction of other natural resources.
Egypt, the Sudan, and Ethiopia also possess separate national systems. These lines extend from coastal ports into the interior of their respective countries, but they are not linked with one another. The railways of northern Africa tend to serve primarily as passenger carriers but are poorly funded.
The major shipping port of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, is accessible to countries in southern Africa by the Tanzania-Zambia (Tanzam or Tazara) Railway.
That railroad is a 1,850-km (1,150-mi) link between Lusaka, Zambia, and Dar es Salaam and was completed in 1975. Most of the other railways outside of South Africa and Zimbabwe are marginal operations, frequently caught up either in fiscal crises or guerrilla warfare.