Canadian Forces navy personnel tie off the massive bowline of the HMCS Toronto. One of seven Halifax-class frigates in the navy fleet, Toronto stretches 134-m (440-ft) long and 16-m (52-ft) wide. The ship carries a 17-m (55-ft) helicopter on its deck and houses up to 225 officers and crew members.
Like its sailing predecessor, the modern naval frigate serves as an ocean escort.
It ranges from 126 to 136 m (414 to 445 ft) in length and cruises at below 30 knots. Modern frigates require crews of between 200 and 300 sailors. Most are lighter armed than destroyers, although some frigates carry missiles, antisubmarine rockets, and helicopters, torpedoes, or other weapon systems.
Stealth technology has been introduced in modern frigate design. Frigate shapes are designed to offer a minimal radar cross section, which also lends them good air penetration; the maneuverability of these frigates has been compared to that of sailing ships. Examples are the French La Fayette class with the Aster 15 missile for anti-missile capabilities, the German F125 and Sachsen-class frigates, the Turkish TF2000 type frigates with the MK-41 VLS, and the Indian Shivalik and Talwar classes with the Brahmos missile system.